Peer-To-Peer File Sharing | How Does File Sharing Work?

Peer to peer secure file sharing is an increasing company, although much of it’s not legal. This short article describes how it functions, and offers advice on the leading free file sharing methods including BitTorrent. Peer to peer (or P2P) file sharing methods link customers (called nodes) right together. Some are methods that are accurate networked while additional include some the Client server arrangement. That’s where a central host feeds customers, they include some of the original Napster centralized host program. Samples of of this would be the first Napster (Napster has become a ‘pay for music’ website) and Open Nap which reproduces the first Napster features.

It was when the host was compelled to shut the principal host which finally ruined the Napster program sins, the entire program ceased to operate. The methods are currently a whole lot more extensively used. In such every person may link to each other person who’s logged-on. When you down-load picture or music files it is possible to do so from somebody about the opposite side of the whole world, or you next-door neighbor. You’ve got access to millions and literally millions of documents: everything in reality about the additional users data vault, and every one has accessibility to yours. There isn’t any central host, therefore the program is unable to be shutdown.

Illustrations are eDonkey, which can be joined with the Gnutella system as well as Overnet. Application program which works on these sites is:

Limewire who equally make use of the Gnutella system. Morpheus which utilizes all three sites. EMule which work to the eDonkey and Kazaa / Ares and Overnet systems using a unique system. It is respected to be complicated and has its limits, although Ms has a unique system-in WinMX.

There’s also Bit Torrent. It’s a following among those considering discussing audiovisual documents like television programs and Motion Picture Films. Established bit torrent-client and the first will monopolize an association although it’s been concluded in a option version BitTorrent all through installing to ensure other online business company is unable to be taken is different type of P2P file sharing. With standard techniques including the Gnutella program, you are going to usually obtain a record that is complete from supply. Sometimes the app lets you down load the one record from numerous resources that are contributing, so speeding the procedure up. With Bit Torrent, however, you obtain distinct components of of the document from a variety of resources (each document is divided into about 1,000 items). This-not only lets you add a document in once as it is being downloaded by you, but in addition increases the exchange of big files across the system.

It is likened by Mark Dessent to your publication. An organization of men and women round a table each have distinct pages of a novel. They would like to get the novel that is whole, they let one another know the things they need and what webpages they’ve. Till an entire duplicate is obtained finally the webpages are passed about. Whether there are any pages lost, some one is accessible using the complete novel (known as a ‘seed’) who may provide what’s lacking to accomplish the book invented by developer Bram Cohen, Bit Torrent is so different to another sort of P2P system. It operates differently to other methods in its research service: it’s n one! Customers should first bring out an internet search to locate the document they need. There are, nevertheless, a few Bit Torrent search engines online like Torrent-spy and BTBot.

Along with simultaneous installing from multiples resources that’s typical with all the contemporary P2P programs, eDonkey additionally enables sharing of document sections where the file size is bigger than 9.8M. As with Bit Torrent, this allows a document to be uploaded by you so the popular documents may be extremely quickly spread across the the community while you’re still installing. The situation with that is the fact that occasionally the entire document is unable to be located, and you’re left with portion of the record that you have to finish at day that is later. This cannot occur with conventional P2P systems like Gnutella (e.g. Limewire and Bearshare).

Free downloading tools like Bit Torrent and Gnutella are free. They have been using your ignorance, although a lot of firms may try and charge you for installing the program. Nevertheless, you need to take care when choosing the software that is free.

Many download free software comes with included ad-ware and spy-ware (also free needless to say!). A good example of ad-ware is the popups which so are devilishly difficult to get rid of and appear in your display. Occasionally the sole way would be to change off-and-on your PC again. Spy-ware rests in your PC and send emails back to advertisers therefore that advertising may be personalized for your settings about that which you do or seeing.

At its most nasty, spyware may duplicate bank details and your bank card. Clicks which enables a variety of Government actions can be also recorded by it. Companies may learn whatever you’ve been signing in to throughout the day, strangers may recognize amount strings which may be banking account details and credit card, as well as your log-in details and your passwords. All really ugly, therefore watch out for downloads that are free.

Adware and spy-ware may be removed utilizing software related to anti-virus software. Watch out for the variants that were complimentary, yet, given that they are able to set their particular adware and spy-ware on which, obviously, aren’t eliminated through the cleansing support. You’re not worse to use compensated software. However that is reliable, again to down-load methods.

So, while many P2P software can be obtained free, I’d select the version that is paid. The defrayal usually gets the choice of a-one-off life repayment of as much as around $39Free Content, although often less. This address is available for 24/7 assistance and the website app is free. It also guarantees the program is free from spy ware and adware.

Urgent Care

Come from Space 4, simply past the reception space: A person is having blood emptied from a hand that is bruised. Over In-Room 1, a girl has been treated for attention problems.

On-display in the clean medical practice on Main Method, a variety of conditions is for over ten hrs a day, 7 days per week, 52 weeks annually here. But the patients all have something in-common: nobody is being treated in emergency area or a conventional physician’s workplace.

Rather, they’ve considered one among the fastest-developing sections of American wellness care: urgent-care, a standard type of walkin practices with unusual curiosity from Wall Avenue. Once criticized as “Doc in a Box” medication, urgent-care has mushroomed into approximately $14.5 million company, as traders attempt to profit from the changing scenery in healthcare.
The workplace here is a part of Urgent-Care. Bankrolled by two personal investment organizations, PhysicianOne has developed in to an 8-practice business, the biggest of its type in Ct, with strategies for growth that was increased.
PhysicianOne in Newtown, Conn. Bankrolled by two personal investment organizations, it’s developed in to an 8-practice business, with plans for increased growth.

However, what’s occurring here can be playing out around the country, as private-equity investment companies, sensing opportunity, invest billions in associated companies and urgent-care. Since 2008, these traders have sunk $2.3 million into urgent-care practices. Nearby hospitals, health systems that are regional and industrial insurance providers will also be seeking to get type company associations or urgent-care techniques together.

The business plan is straightforward: Handle many individuals as fast as you possibly can. Urgent-care is a reduced-margin, large-quantity proposal. At PhysicianOne here folks are out and in in about half an hour. About $155 per individual visit runs. Do 3-5 or 30 examinations a day, as well as the cash begins to include up.

Urgent care clinic okc practices also provide a critical company edge over hospital emergency rooms that are conventional in which they may cherrypick on individuals. Many of these facilities turn aside the uninsured unless they spend advance and tend not to take Medicaid. Hospital E.R.s, by comparison, are legally required to handle every one.

However, as their reach expands, their actions are being scrutinized by specialists in a few states. Many don’t while some states require the practices to be certified. It’s uncertain whether such urgent-care centres provide treatment that is worse or better than other suppliers. If individuals are trading quality for comfort however, many family doctors — who stand to reduce business to the beginners — question.

“While there’s a job for all these facilities, easily were ill I Had rather see my regular physician, and that I expect my sufferers sense that way.”

Currently, the competition is on a Difference healthcare or to construct big stores with strong, nationwide manufacturers — a McDonald’s. The others are annoyed by by long delays at E.R.s, or with to comply with frequent physician’s hrs.

Several specialists state a cultural change can be under way.

“So today we need our healthcare to be 24/7.”

While advantage is one variable, therefore is price. The typical cost to take care of severe bronchitis for an urgent-care facility in the year 2012 was $122, weighed against $814 for a er, in accordance with information on the web site of Blue Cross-Blue Shield, which works in Northern Va, Md as well as the DC. The the price tag on managing a middle ear disease was $100 versus almost $500 in a E.R. Price variations that are such issue not just to customers, but additionally to business insurance companies with high-deductible health programs.

Would you trade freedom for stability? 

I was listening to “Wish you were here” by Pink Floyd and one

verse made me think about who I really am, and the “branching” of my
life( Taking a decision, and choosing which path to discover ). And as the song
repeated over and over, I realized many lines question the idea of trading your
freedom, innovation, and challenge for stability, position & bureaucracy.

I’m a risk taker; in fact risk really turns me on. It’s the sexiest motive
that drives me. Challenge is another big factor. Once I feel I’m a donkey, I
really stop functioning properly, there has to be something new to discover,
learn & disassemble. Once you master it, there has to be space for me to
build on top of it, and come up with something unique & new on top of it. What’s more? Like
Frank Sinatra sings, “I did it my way”; and that is what really


Back to the song, “Did you exchange your walk-on part of the war for
a lead role in a cage
“, is the best line in the song. It tells you
exactly how I think of people who trade following paths with higher values for
things that are less important. It’s about being a less important person in a
path of innovation, and taking risk in big things, instead of playing a big
role in a narrow path with no real significance.


Cold comfort for change” when we enjoy comfort, and don’t
value change we truly become comfortably numb. In other words it’s about being
passive Vs active, I can’t explain in any known human language (natural
language) how much I hate to deal with passive passengers of life.


It’s those who took the risk & the extra Kilometer were the ones to
change the world.

Working Full Time

I’ve been working for almost 7 years as part timer/free lancer. It never made sense to me to work full time. As of Sunday next week, a big change in my life will happen, I will start working full time with Al Bawaba. I will be working as the CTO of the company. Al Bawaba seems to offer most of the exciting things that define the kind of work I want to be involved in.

We have so many fresh and exciting plans that are so challenging. A few web 2.0 ideas that we’re working on. And above all, Albawaba supports open source, and 95% of the technology is open source.

At the same time, I will be running my own company (still under
construction), where we will be doing heavy web development, and some
customized software for inancial services companies. I guess my social life is gonna kiss my ass good bye.

It’s gonna be a hard change in my life, I will start having to sleep early, waking up early, no more swingers night-life-style.

Ruby On Rails – Go Duck Yourself

I’m not alone, read what this guy had to go through when he migrated to RoR from PHP, and then went back!

I’m always angry when someone mentions RoR, it’s like teaching a new dog new tricks, when the old dog knows it all.

For the love of god, stop migrating to RoR just because it’s cool. No one ever said RoR sucks, it’s just that there’s SO much pre-exisitng PHP code that you would never find in any other language. 40% of the top 100 sites are PHP, and PHP is the most used language on the Internet. What else do you want to know?

PHP does have tons of frameworks, yet doesn’t force a style or a paradigm. You can do whatever you want with it, you can even build the biggest, most trafficked site in the universe!

Why the hell do you even want to consider something else!

Update: Why don’t you also check an entry I wrote about ColdFusion few years ago

A Mac Story

A Mac Story

I would like to share a story that just took place.

I developed a habit of working from a nice coffee place called Gloria
Jeans (Especially that I don’t like Starbucks). The place happens to
have a free WIFI for the customers. As I walked in, I saw a young lady
and a young man setting up their new MacBook. I introduced myself and
welcomed them to the Mac world and helped them setup a few things, as
they had just started their Mac for the first time. They were so
excited and in love with their machine. I also told them about our Mac Users Group, and they said they will join and spread the word.

It would be great if we can get more & more users to this group to share our thoughts, and hopefully learn. Please, all Mac users out there, help us create a decent community.

Re-evaluating My Life

Re-evaluating My Life

The other day in the quiz night, Adel (3adoola) asked me about my todo list which I totally forgot about. I can’t thank him enough for reminded me about a todo list which I wrote almost a year and a half ago.
The old list:
So, let’s take a look and see how things went:
I want to graduate from University, because I have been there for too long, soon, My mates will become my lecturers.
Improve my spanish & go to Cervantes( Spanish cultural Center )
My Spanish sucks now. I have to do something about it when I have time.
Go to Spain in Summer
Planned summer 2007
get a digital Cam
finish my website
Learn C
Didn’t have time for it. I still want to do this maybe after a year from now
Accomplish my secret open source project (PHP related, would take 2 years of work at least)
Shut down my current business and move on to the next big business I wanna start in no more than 3-4 years
Done. Hopefully I will announce my new venture sometime around mid-late January
retire by the age of 27 and start working on my crazy experemntal projects
Rescheduled to 30
Gain weight
Done, still need more though
Start playing basketball again.
Haven’t played any sport in such a long time
Visit every country in Europe.
I still need 10 years to do this, but I’m planning 3 new countries this year.
Go hiking again in Wadi Al mujib
Done, and also planning another hike next summer
Write a PHP book in 2 years
Almost there. What’s even equally important is that I finished a technical review for one amazing Linux book. I will be writing about this very soon.
Get certified, I only need a day or two to read the guide! I don’t have the time to do that.
No longer interested.
I’m quite satisfied with what I was able to acheive in 2005 & 2006. I managed to focus on what I really want to do. This list doesn’t sum 20% of the major acheivments in the past two years. I do know, just like any other human, that I could have acheived more. I will not stress myself, and blame myself for not acheiving more. I will learn from my mistakes and do things smarter in the future.

Future:Although it’s tempting to write a new list for 2007, I’m going to hold my horses for very simple reasons:
Most of my future goals revolve around work/business
Although I’m an open person, most of the goals are not for sharing due to confidentiality issues.
My two main areas of interest have almost stayed the same
Improving my technical skills (especially software architecture)
Managing IT the right way (I beleive people don’t understand IT, the apply classical management to something that is not classical. I’m learning/researching alot about this issue)

PHP User Group

PHP User Group

Probably a year ago, I founded JoPHP, Jordan PHP User Group. Sadly there were barely two people interested in PHP back then.

Jad posted an email to JoLUGs mailing list last week mentioning a PHP meeting, I got very excited and went there. To my surprise more than 10 people attended the meeting.

First thing we decided is to reset and revive the group. Big Thanks to Jad, for his endless support to Jordan’s Open Source communities.

On Web Design

On Web Design

Currently I’m reading a very interesting Information Architecture book called “Information Architecture: Blueprints for the Web”.
The first chapter starts with a sentence that exactly explains how I’ve always felt about an idea that I’ve always argued with friends( designers ).

“Design is an old craft; digital is a new medium”

This is what many designers who design for the web need to understand. Web Design is way beyond Thinkin outside the box, or being a creative psycho artist. You need to understand the science of web design, you need to be very familiar with the technology before you call yourself a web designer. A utopian web designer would be a designer who can think of elements( I like to call them widgets ) that can be represented natively in the target technology( HTML, CSS, JS ).

Although I want to write more, but I beleive blog entries longer than two paragraphs get ignored… and my writing skills suck.

Dima’s First Post

Dima’s First Post

Ammar: Good Morning, I submitted a paper regarding so & so last week, I need to know if everything is OK.
Math Dept Secretary: I’ve told you yesterday that we sent the paper to the sciences faculty deanship, go check there
Ammar: But I’ve checked and they told me they didn’t get it yet. What I’m I supposed to do!
MDS: Here, see the record, here’s a photocopy of your paper, date and time when we sent it.
Ammar( Getting Angry ): You sent it yesterday at 3:30, when I checked yesterday at 1 you told me you’ve already sent it.
MDS( About to shoot me ): Are you an invistigator? I thought you were a student
So I go to the deanship to check, Dr H is the Dean’s Assistant( Big Shit )

Ammar: I cam yest. bla bla bla
Dr H: I said I didn’t receive it
Ammar: But they’ve sent it to you yesterday, and I’ve seen the record, is there a blackhole on the way? Or maybe someone kidnapped the guy who delivers these papers?
Dr H( About to call security): I told you a million times I didn’t get it, I’ve only received a paper today which is not yours, go check with Mr A.

Ammar: bla bla bla….
Mr A(Opens his records book, and looks carefully for my name): Sorry my friend I didn’t get it, go check with Dr H. he’s a bit crazy, double check with him.
Ammar: Thanks

Back to Dr H., I think this guy smokes up, he’s soooo numb, always smilin, fate7 tommo o rakhy ….. all the time

Ammar: I went to Mr A’s office and checked, he said it must be here
Dr H. I checked, go away
Ammar: But not before I know where it is
Dr H. Go check with my secretary

Ammar: bla bla bla paper….
Sec. : ok let me check with the math dept first ( she makes 5 phone calls very effecticely and in less than 5 minutes she gets back to me ) It must be in Dr H’s Office
Ammar: But I’ve checked with him at least 2 times yest. and 5 times today! Another time and I’d die
Sec.: Oh don’t worry then, I’ll go check it for you
Ammar( What a sweet woman ): I dunnu how to thank you

So she goes into his office, and comes back with a paper in her hand.

Sec.: Here it is!
Ammar.: Where WAS IT!
Sec.: in his drawer
Ammar: Is killing someone allowed today?
Sec.( smiles ): It’s ok, just wait for 5 mins, and i’ll fix everything with the paper